Coronavirus 2019 or Covid-19

Coronavirus – About

Coronavirus is part of a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). The novel Coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans and is referred to as Coronavirus 2019 or Covid-19.

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people.  Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.

Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.

 Coronavirus 2019 or Covid-19 – A back story.

Coronavirus 2019, is a virus that is found in animals. It cannot be transmitted from animals to humans easily. But from person to person it can spread. Other than COVID-19, the other human coronaviruses are:

  • SARS virus, or severe acute respiratory syndrome, which first occurred in the Guangdong province in southern China.
  • MERS virus, or Middle East respiratory syndrome.

Coronavirus 2019 or Covid-19 – Symptoms ?

COVID-19 symptoms vary from mild to severe. It takes 2-14 days after exposure for symptoms to develop. The symptoms of Coronavirus 2019 or Covid-19 are:

  • fever
  • cough
  • shortness of breath

Patients with weakened immune systems may develop more serious symptoms, like pneumonia or bronchitis. Sometimes, the patient may never develop symptoms after being exposed to COVID-19. Adults and children are affected. However, there is no evidence that children are at greater risk for getting the virus.

Coronavirus 2019 infection causes?

Coronavirus 2019 started spreading after coming with contact with animals. Then, it started spreading from human to human. Health officials however, aren’t very clear on what animal caused COVID-19.

The COVID-19 virus can be spread through contact with certain bodily fluids, such as droplets in a cough. It might also be caused by touching something an infected person has touched, and then touching your hand to your mouth, nose, or eyes. 

Coronavirus 2019 if diagnosed, what are the steps to be taken ?

If you feel, you have contracted COVID-19, you should contact a doctor immediately. Before going to the doctor’s office, do have a word with the concerned people in your life and also the office you are associated with. To diagnose you, your doctor may run tests to rule out other common infections. In some cases, your doctor may suggest you self-isolate to prevent the spread of infection.

Can Coronavirus 2019 be prevented or avoided?

Try to avoid people who are sick or meeting in large groups. Stay home if you are sick.

Cover your cough with a tissue or cough into your upper sleeve or elbow.  Do not cough into your hands.

Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom, before eating, and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands with soap and water if hands are visibly dirty. Avoid touching your mouth, nose, or eyes.

The Centers for Disease Control has issued travel advisories for several affected countries. If you are traveling to an area where the COVID-19 is present, speak with a doctor before you travel.

Coronavirus 2019 treatment

Currently there is no vaccine or treatment for COVID-19. Symptoms of coronavirus 2019 usually go away on their own. If the symptoms feel worse than a common cold, then you need to contact a doctor. He or she may prescribe pain or fever medication.

As is normally done with a cold or flu, drink fluids and get plenty of rest.

But if you are having trouble breathing, seek immediate medical care.

Whenever possible, avoid contact with others especially when you are sick. If you have COVID-19, wear a face mask to prevent spreading the virus to others. The CDC does not recommend wearing a mask if you do not have COVID-19.

Below is the latest updated list Coronavirus infected cases across the globe :

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